Agreement to Agree in NSW: Understanding the Legality of Non-Binding Agreements

Agreements to Agree, also known as Memorandum of Understanding or MOU, are common in the business world. These are non-binding documents that outline the basic terms and conditions of a possible future agreement. The purpose of MOUs is to provide a framework for negotiations without committing any party to a binding contract. In New South Wales (NSW), MOUs are legally recognized, but they do not have the same enforceability as a binding agreement.

What is an Agreement to Agree?

An Agreement to Agree is a preliminary agreement that outlines the basic terms and conditions of a possible future agreement between parties. It is an intentional, non-binding commitment to enter into a more comprehensive agreement at a later date. MOUs are commonly used in business transactions, joint ventures, and collaborations. They serve as a roadmap or a guide for future negotiations, allowing parties to identify and clarify the key issues that need to be addressed in the final agreement.

When is an Agreement to Agree Binding?

In NSW, an Agreement to Agree is not a legally binding document. However, there are exceptions to this rule. For instance, if the parties specifically state that the MOU is legally binding or if there is an intention to create legal relations, the Agreement to Agree can be enforced in court. Similarly, if the MOU contains an exclusivity provision or a non-compete clause, those provisions can be legally binding.

The enforceability of MOUs depends on the circumstances surrounding the agreement and the level of detail included in the document. If the MOU is vague or lacks key details, it will not be enforceable. Similarly, if the parties have not yet agreed on all of the essential terms of the agreement, the MOU will not be legally binding.

Benefits and Risks of an Agreement to Agree

MOUs have several benefits in business, including providing a clear roadmap for negotiations, increasing the level of trust between parties, and reducing the uncertainty involved in business transactions. However, there are also risks associated with using MOUs. Because they are not legally binding, there is a risk that one party will back out of the agreement or fail to honor the terms outlined in the MOU. Additionally, if the MOU contains provisions that are legally binding, it can create unintended legal obligations for the parties.


An Agreement to Agree, or MOU, is a non-binding document that outlines the basic terms and conditions of a possible future agreement. In NSW, MOUs are not legally binding, but there are exceptions to this rule. To ensure that an MOU is enforceable, it must contain specific details and an intention to create legal relations. While MOUs have several benefits in business, they also carry risks, including the potential for one party to back out or for unintended legal obligations to arise. As always, it is advisable to seek legal advice before entering into any binding or non-binding agreement.